Transboundary Environmental Public Consultation Decision on the extension of the operational life of the Doel 1 & 2 Nuclear Power Plants, located near the Port of Antwerp, Belgium
Decision on the extension of the operational life of the Doel 1 & 2 Nuclear Power Plants, located near the Port of Antwerp, Belgium
Why is this consultation being undertaken?
In accordance with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (the Espoo Convention) and Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (the Aarhus Convention), the Minister for Housing, Local Government and Heritage received notiﬁcation from the Belgian Minister for Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, of the intended extension of the operational life of the Doel 1 & 2 nuclear power plants (NPPs) and the associated nuclear safety-related improvement works, inviting Ireland to participate in transboundary public consultation.
Doel 1 & 2 are two of Belgium’s seven nuclear power plants and both have been in operation since 1975. In 2003, the Belgian Government passed a law stipulating that all nuclear power plants would be decommissioned 40 years after their industrial commissioning, meaning that Doel 1 & 2 were scheduled to cease operations in 2015. A subsequent law was passed in 2015 that extended the operational life of Doel 1 & 2 by 10 years, from 2015 to 2025. A ruling1 in the Court of Justice of the European Union determined that the decision by Belgian authorities to extend the operational life of the NPPs constituted a ‘project’ within the meaning of the EIA Directive (Directive 2011/92/EU), thus requiring that an environmental impact assessment take place, along with the associated transboundary consultation.
For practical reasons, Belgian authorities decided to prepare two separate Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs) but have advised that they will need to be evaluated in conjunction. One report relates solely to the decision to extend the operational life of Doel 1 & 2. The second report concerns the nuclear safety-related improvement works which includes the construction of three new buildings on the site:
- Two buildings for hosting the Containment Filtered Venting System of the nuclear plant;
- One building housing the new ﬁre extinguisher pump station.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as the appropriate body in Ireland with expertise on radiation policy, advised that Ireland should accept the invitation from Belgium to participate in the transboundary consultation because although Ireland is outside the 300km range set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in its Ingestion and Commodities Planning Distance (ICPD) modelling, Ireland is within the 1,000km range set as Zone 1 for emergency response purposes by the IAEA. Zone 1 States are considered more likely to be aﬀected and so direct liaison is established with these States by the IAEA in the event of an emergency.
How to Make an Submission or Observation and the Closing Date:
A member of the public may make a submission or observation in relation to the potential transboundary environmental eﬀects of the project by close of business on Wednesday 23 June 2021 at the latest via https://consult.sdublincoco.ie/ or by post, addressed to: Senior Executive Officer, South Dublin County Council, Land Use, Planning and Transportation Department, County Hall, Tallaght, Dublin 24, D24 A3EX. Please make your submission by one medium only i.e. post/online. Email submissions will not be accepted. Submissions or observations should not be made to the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage.
Department of Housing, Local Government & Heritage
The following information is available for viewing on the DHLGH consultation webpage; www.gov.ie/housing
Links to the Department's webpage:
Notiﬁcations received from Belgian authorities, digital copies of the environmental documentation provided by Belgium to facilitate this public consultation, that includes; report on the justiﬁed safe continued operation of Doel 1 & 2, Environmental Screening report by the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (FANC), Environmental Impact Report and
Extended Executive Summary concerning the nuclear safety-related improvement works, Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Impact Report concerning the decision to extend the operational life of Doel 1 & 2, EPA advice on the FANC screening report.
The public consultation notice together with a printed copy of the documents referenced above which will be available for inspection, or purchase at a fee not exceeding the reasonable cost of making a copy, during oﬃce hours at the oﬃce of each planning authority nationwide, from Wednesday 28 April 2021.
Due to social distancing measures introduced in response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, viewing may be by appointment only in local authority oﬃces. Please contact the Planning Department, South Dublin County Council to clarify the position in this regard before travelling to view the documentation.
What we will do with your submissions/observations:
In the interests of transparency, it should be noted that, following consultation with the Minister for Housing, Local Government and Heritage, each planning authority will forward all submissions or observations it receives through this public consultation to the Belgian Minister for Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development and may also forward a summary of the submissions or observations to the Minister for Housing, Local Government and Heritage. Submissions or observations received, or a summary of same, may be published on the website of the Belgian Minister of Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. The Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage will not publish any submissions or observations or summary of same.
It should be noted that the Freedom of Information Act applies to all records held by South Dublin County Council. South Dublin County Council’s Personal Data Privacy Statements can be viewed at www.sdcc.ie and all personal data will be retained in line with statutory requirements.